What does the Latin word vertebra mean?

What does the Latin word vertebra mean?

From Latin vertebra (“joint” ), from vertere (“to turn” ). Having multiple vertebrae (plural of vertebra) in one’s backbone instead of having a single bone or solid spine, allows for the movement of the body with bends and turns.

What is the medical term for spine?

Vertebral Column (Spine)

Is backbone called spine?

The backbone encloses the spinal cord and the fluid surrounding the spinal cord. Also called spinal column, spine, and vertebral column.

What is spinal cord?

A column of nerve tissue that runs from the base of the skull down the center of the back. It is covered by three thin layers of protective tissue called membranes. The spinal cord and membranes are surrounded by the vertebrae (back bones). Spinal cord nerves carry messages between the brain and the rest of the body.

What is the Latin plural of vertebra?

vertebra (plural vertebras)

What is a spine in biology?

Biology. Spine (vertebral column), also known as the backbone. Dendritic spine, a small membranous protrusion from a neuron’s dendrite. Thorns, spines, and prickles, needle-like structures in plants. Spine (zoology), needle-like structures in animals.

What is the upper back called?

The upper back is called the thoracic spine, and it is the most stable part of the spine. The range of motion in the upper back is limited because of the spine’s attachments to the ribs (rib cage).

What are the 26 bones of the spine called?

It consists of 26 bones called vertebrae. The bottom two vertebrae consist of fused bones, five in the upper one and four in the lower one. Each vertebra has a strong, stubby section that supports your weight, and a hole for the spinal cord to pass through.

Where is T12 in your spine?

thoracic vertebra
The T12 vertebra is the twelfth thoracic vertebra in the spine of the human body. It is part of the spinal column, which supports the top of the human body. The spinal column extends from the base of the pelvis, and up the length of the back, ultimately connecting to the base of the human skull.

What is the medulla?

medulla oblongata, also called medulla, the lowest part of the brain and the lowest portion of the brainstem. The medulla oblongata plays a critical role in transmitting signals between the spinal cord and the higher parts of the brain and in controlling autonomic activities, such as heartbeat and respiration.

Is a medulla oblongata?

The medulla oblongata or simply medulla is a long stem-like structure which makes up the lower part of the brainstem. It is anterior and partially inferior to the cerebellum….

Medulla oblongata
Section of the medulla oblongata at about the middle of the olivary body
Part of Brain stem

How do you say vertebrae in Latin?


  1. (Classical) IPA: /ˈu̯er.te.brae̯/, [ˈu̯ɛrt̪ɛbräe̯]
  2. (Ecclesiastical) IPA: /ˈver.te.bre/, [ˈvɛrt̪ɛbrɛ]

What is the origin of the word spine?

From Middle English spyne, borrowed from Old French espine (modern French épine) or its source, Latin spīna. Pronunciation. Noun. The series of bones situated at the back from the head to the pelvis of a person, or from the head to the tail of an animal; backbone, vertebral column.

What are the spines of the body?

spine (plural spines) The series of bones situated at the back from the head to the pelvis of a person, or from the head to the tail of an animal; backbone, vertebral column.

What is the meaning of spiny?

1. of an animal, having no spine; invertebrate. 2. of a person, having a weak character; easily dominated. full of, or covered with, spines. a spiny cactus. a cord of nerve cells running up through the backbone.

Is it bad to have a dictionary with a spine?

It is an insane immolation of self—as bad intrinsically as fakirs stabbing themselves or anchorites warping their spines in caves scarcely large enough for a fair-sized dog. Trademark Owners will nevertheless try to dictate how their marks are to be represented, but dictionary publishers with spine can resist such pressure.