# What is local field in dielectrics?

## What is local field in dielectrics?

Local electric field at an atom In dielectric solids, the atoms or molecules experience not only the external applied electric field but also the electric field produced by the dipoles. The resultant electric field acting on the atoms or molecules of dielectric substance is called the local field or an internal field.

How do you calculate the electric field of a dielectric?

The electric field E in the dielectric is equal to the total surface charge density divided by ϵ0. It is clear that σpol and σfree have opposite signs, so E=σfree−σpolϵ0.

What is meant by local field in a dielectric and how it is calculated for a cubic structure?

Local field: When a liquid or solid dielectric placed in an external electric field , it’s​ atoms becomes electric dipole which provides field which is different than applied field. the total field at the atomic sites is called the internal field or local field. It is represented by Ei or EL. E(local field)=E+p/3€

### What is Lorentz field in dielectrics?

E2 the field due to the polarization charges lying on the surface of the Lorentz sphere, which is known as Lorentz field. and E3 is the field due to other dipoles lying within the sphere.

What is meant by internal field in dielectrics derive the expression for the same?

Hence the net electric field at any point within the dielectric material is given by “The sum of external field and the field due to all dipoles surrounding that point”. This net field is called internal field or Local field. Expression for Internal field: The dipole moment is given by µ = qdx.

What is meant by local field in dielectric deduce Clausius mossotti equation?

 Local field in dielectric A macroscopic slab of dielectric is placed in an outer electric field E (the z-direction) that polarizes the dielectric, so that a charge density is created on the outer surfaces perpendicular to E. The polarization vector P points by definition from negative to positive charge.

## What is the formula for electric field?

The electric field E is defined to be E=Fq E = F q , where F is the Coulomb or electrostatic force exerted on a small positive test charge q. E has units of N/C. The magnitude of the electric field E created by a point charge Q is E=k|Q|r2 E = k | Q | r 2 , where r is the distance from Q.

What is electric field equation?

E = F q test = k | Q | r 2 . 18.16. This equation gives the magnitude of the electric field created by a point charge Q. The distance r in the denominator is the distance from the point charge, Q, or from the center of a spherical charge, to the point of interest.

What is the formula for local field?

We define the local field Eloc to be the field felt by one particle (mostly an atom) of the material at its position (x,y,z). The electrical field then is just the (negative) gradient of the potential; E = – ∇V.

### What is Lorentz local field?

[′lȯr‚ens ¦lō·kəl ′fēld] (electricity) In a theory of electric polarization, the average electric field due to the polarization at a molecular site that is calculated under the assumption that the field due to polarization by molecules inside a small sphere centered at the site may be neglected.

What is depolarization field in dielectrics?

Depolarization is an electrochemical phenomenon that involves the removal or prevention of polarization in a substance or of polarization arising from the field due to the charges induced on the surface of a dielectric when an external field is applied.

What is the local field in dielectric solids?

6.3 Internal or local field In dielectric solids, the atoms or molecules experience not only the external applied electric field but also the electric field produced by the dipoles. The resultant electric field acting on the atoms or molecules of dielectric substance is called the local field or an internal field.

## What is dielectric material?

For some materials (at RT) upon They are called insulators or dielectrics. E app  σ→0 Capacitor (condenser) ε(ω) iv) also, their response to the AC field reflected in Ex: Ferroelectricity, piezoelectricity v

How to calculate the dipole moment density of dielectric material?

Polarization = # of dipole moment / unit volume 2= In dielectrics, there are no free charges, but bound charges, i.e. electric dipoles are present. the dipole moment density : units of C/m L V E 0 0 Electric field inside the parallel plate : Now, insert a slab of dielectric

What does the dielectric constant mean?

: new field inside the slab All the dielectric and optical characteristics of substances are contained in this constant. (inside dielectric) Dielectric constant p E  =α Polarizability Polarization P Np NE   = = α and