What was the 1997/98 El Niño event responsible for?
It led to a severe outbreak of Rift Valley fever after extreme rainfall in north-eastern Kenya and southern Somalia. It also led to record rainfalls in California during the water season of 1997–98 and one of Indonesia’s worst droughts on record.
Was the 1997-1998 El Niño predicted?
Implications for Predictability The 1997–98 El Niño event caught the scientific community by surprise. Several dynamical and statistical ENSO forecast models had success in predicting, one to three seasons in advance, unusually warm tropical Pacific SSTs for 1997.
What was the El Niño event?
Major El Niño events—such as 1972-73, 1982-83, 1997-98, and 2015-16—have provoked some of the great floods, droughts, forest fires, and coral bleaching events of the past half-century. El Niño years tend to be warmer than other years.
Where did El Niño hit in 1997?
It started in October 1997 in Mexico, when a hurricane fueled by El Niño slammed into Acapulco, causing massive flooding and hundreds of deaths.
Will 2021 be an El Niño year?
La Niña conditions have officially developed and are expected to remain in place through the entirety of winter 2021-2022. La Niña means we’re in the negative phase of the El Niño Southern Oscillation, or ENSO for short.
What were three specific impacts of the 1997 El Niño?
Losses from the El Niño in 1997-1998 included thousands of deaths and injuries from severe storms, heat waves, fires, floods, frosts and drought. Estimates of El Niño-related damage ranged from $32 to $96 billion.
When was the last El Niño event?
Since 2000, El Niño events have been observed in 2002–03, 2004–05, 2006–07, 2009–10, 2014–16, and 2018–19. Major ENSO events were recorded in the years 1790–93, 1828, 1876–78, 1891, 1925–26, 1972–73, 1982–83, 1997–98, and 2014–16.
What happened in March of 1997 to trigger the onset of the El Niño event?
During late March and early April 1997, surface temperatures in the central Pacific (Fig. It therefore appears that MJO-related forcing of surface temperature fluctuations initiated the coupled interactions of the ocean and atmosphere responsible for the onset and rapid development of the 1997-98 El Niño.
Is 2022 an El Niño year?
La Niña is expected to continue through Northern Hemisphere winter 2021-22 and into spring 2022. A transition to ENSO-neutral is expected by April-June 2022.
Will there be a 2021 El Niño or La Niña?
La Niña conditions have officially developed and are expected to remain in place through the entirety of winter 2021-2022. Per NOAA, La Niña is defined as cooler than normal sea-surface temperatures in the central and eastern tropical Pacific Ocean that impact global weather patterns.
When was the last La Niña?
For the upcoming winter season, which extends from December 2021 through February 2022, there is an 87% chance of La Nina. Previous La Ninas occurred during the winter of 2020-2021 and 2017-2018, and an El Nino developed in 2018-2019.
Is this an El Niño year 2021?
(WSFA) – It’s back again! La Niña conditions have officially developed and are expected to remain in place through the entirety of winter 2021-2022. So what exactly does that mean? La Niña means we’re in the negative phase of the El Niño Southern Oscillation, or ENSO for short.
What was the 1997-98 El Niño?
The 1997-98 El Niño was one of the most closely followed climate events of the century, as demonstrated by thousands of articles and television stories detailing its prediction, arrival, and eventual impacts. In addition to the extraordinary media scrutiny, the 1997-98 El Niño also represented a major milestone for NOAA.
When was the last El Nino event?
The El Nino of 1997-1998. As Jeff Masters blogged on March 6th, NOAA has issued an El Niño watch for later this year with a 50% chance of an El Niño forming. The last major El Niño event was that of 1997-1998.
How did the 1997–98 El Niño event affect tropical cyclone activity?
The 1997–98 El Niño Event had various effects on tropical cyclone activity around the world, with more tropical cyclones than average occurring in the Pacific basins.
What is the strongest El Niño in recorded history?
Until the 1997-98 El Niño, the 1982-83 El Niño was one of the strongest in recorded history and was not detected until the onset of its most devastating impacts. This animation shows sea surface temperature anomalies during the 1997-98 El Niño.