Who was the most important figure in early Judaism?
- Aaron, brother of Moses and Miriam, and the first High Priest.
- Abigail, a prophetess who became a wife of King David.
- Abishai, one of King David’s generals and relative.
- Abner, cousin of King Saul and commander of his army, assassinated by Yoav.
- Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, Judaism’s “Three Patriarchs”
What are the four core values of Judaism?
JCA’s 9 Core Jewish Values
- Trustworthiness- EMUNAH. Be honest • Don’t deceive, cheat or steal • Be reliable — do what you say you’ll do • Have the courage.
- Respect- KAVOD.
- Responsibility- ACHRAYUT.
- Fairness- TZEDEK.
- Caring- CHESED.
- Community- KEHILLAH.
- Kindness/Warmth/Positivity SEVER PANIM YAFOT.
- Role Modelling- DUGMA EESHEET.
What makes Orthodox Judaism different?
Orthodox Judaism has resisted modern pressures to modify its observance and has held fast to such practices as daily worship, dietary laws (kashruth), traditional prayers and ceremonies, regular and intensive study of the Torah, and separation of men and women in the synagogue.
What makes Judaism unique?
Development of Judaism. Jews were monotheists—they believed in and worshipped only one god. This stands out to historians because monotheism was relatively unique in the ancient world. Most ancient societies were polytheistic—they believed in and worshiped multiple gods.
What are the beliefs of conservative Judaism?
Conservative Jews regard the Torah as both divine and human, but having divine authority. They believe the Torah was revealed by God but is a human record of the encounter between humanity and God, and the Jewish people’s interpretation of God’s will.
How did Judaism impact society?
Judaism marked the beginning of a revolutionary idea that laid the groundwork for social reform: humans have the ability and therefore the responsibility to stop injustices in the world. The Jews were the first to decide that it was their responsibility as the Chosen People to fight against inequality in the world.
What are the main teachings of the Torah?
The three main beliefs at the center of Judaism are Monotheism, Identity, and covenant (an agreement between God and his people). The most important teachings of Judaism is that there is one God, who wants people to do what is just and compassionate.
What are the moral values of Judaism?
The writings attributed to the biblical prophets exhort all people to lead a righteous life. Kindness to the needy, benevolence, faith, compassion for the suffering, a peace-loving disposition, and a truly humble and contrite spirit, are the virtues which the Prophets hold up for emulation.
What is the main theme of the Torah?
The Torah anchors the rest of the Bible by setting up its themes and preoccupations: the relationship between God and humanity, between God and his chosen people of Israel; God’s covenants and the consequences for not observing them; and the continuous cycle of falling away, punishment, and redemption that …
What do Orthodox Judaism believe in?
Orthodox Jews believe the entire Torah, both written and oral, is the divinely inspired word of God and is therefore literally true. Any attempt to interpret or adapt that word of God to the changing circumstances of society is a watering down of the tradition received at Mount Sinai and must be rejected.
What is the purpose of the Hebrew Bible?
The Hebrew Bible’s profoundly monotheistic interpretation of human life and the universe as creations of God provides the basic structure of ideas that gave rise not only to Judaism and Christianity but also to Islam, which emerged from Jewish and Christian tradition and which views Abraham as a patriarch (see also …
What’s the difference between the Torah and the Bible?
The meaning of “Torah” is often restricted to signify the first five books of the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament), also called the Law (or the Pentateuch, in Christianity). The term Torah is also used to designate the entire Hebrew Bible.
Why do Orthodox Jews have curls?
The reason for Ultra-Orthodox males’ hair and curl rules is the following: the original basis is a Biblical scripture which states that a man should not “round the corner of his head.” Authoritative talmudic scholars have determined that the meaning of this scripture is that there should be a hair cutting restriction.
What is the origin of Orthodox Judaism?
The earliest known mentioning of the term Orthodox Jews was made in the Berlinische Monatsschrift in 1795. The word Orthodox was borrowed from the general German Enlightenment discourse, and used not to denote a specific religious group, but rather those Jews who opposed Enlightenment.
Who is the main figure in Judaism?
How is God represented in Judaism?
Names. The name of God used most often in the Hebrew Bible is the Tetragrammaton (YHWH Hebrew: יהוה). Jews traditionally do not pronounce it, and instead refer to God as HaShem, literally “the Name”. In prayer the Tetragrammaton is substituted with the pronunciation Adonai, meaning “My Lord”.
What are the beliefs of Judaism?
Judaism, monotheistic religion developed among the ancient Hebrews. Judaism is characterized by a belief in one transcendent God who revealed himself to Abraham, Moses, and the Hebrew prophets and by a religious life in accordance with Scriptures and rabbinic traditions.