How did the Enlightenment influence the American and French Revolution quizlet?
What American Document most influenced the French Revolution? Some of the leaders of the American Revolution were influenced by Enlightenment ideas which are, freedom of speech, equality, freedom of press, and religious tolerance.
Who was John Locke inspired by?
With regard to his position on religious tolerance, Locke was influenced by Baptist theologians like John Smyth and Thomas Helwys, who had published tracts demanding freedom of conscience in the early 17th century.
What Hume said about self?
Hume suggests that the self is just a bundle of perceptions, like links in a chain. Hume argues that our concept of the self is a result of our natural habit of attributing unified existence to any collection of associated parts. This belief is natural, but there is no logical support for it.
What is the meaning of self according to Rene Descartes?
Descartes’s concept of the self revolves around the idea of mind-body dualism. For Descartes, a human person is composed of two parts, namely, a material body and a non-material mind. In other words, for Descartes, it is the mind that makes us humans. Thus, for Descartes, the “mind” is the “real self”.
How did John Locke’s ideas and beliefs help influence the French Revolution?
In 1690, Locke published his Two Treatises of Government. He argued that natural rights such as life, liberty, and property existed in the state of nature and could never be taken away or even voluntarily given up by individuals.
How did the Enlightenment encourage change?
Change government and society by using reason to improve/perfect the world and influence change globally. Enlightenment ideas influenced society and culture as a new generation of philosophes had new ideas about liberty and the condition of women, which were spread through an increasingly literate society.
In which way did the ideas of the Enlightenment influence the French Revolution?
How did Enlightenment ideas influence supporters of the French Revolution? People liked the ideas that people thought of new forms of government and also ideas such as freedom and pursuit of Hapiness, they wanted to be able to make their own choices and not have the government controlling them.
What does Descartes mean by I think therefore I am?
“I think; therefore I am” was the end of the search Descartes conducted for a statement that could not be doubted. He found that he could not doubt that he himself existed, as he was the one doing the doubting in the first place. In Latin (the language in which Descartes wrote), the phrase is “Cogito, ergo sum.”
What self is for Descartes?
With his ties to dualism, Descartes believed the mind is the seat of our consciousness. Because it houses our drives, intellect, and passions, it gives us our identity and our sense of self. Very loud criticisms of Descartes’s views are found in the works of Gilbert Ryle. He called dualism a category mistake.
How did John Locke ideas impact society?
His political theory of government by the consent of the governed as a means to protect the three natural rights of “life, liberty and estate” deeply influenced the United States’ founding documents. His essays on religious tolerance provided an early model for the separation of church and state.
In which two ways did the spread of enlightenment?
Enlightenment ideas also eventually spread through newspapers, pamphlets, and even political songs. Enlightenment ideas about government and equality attracted the attention of a growing literate mid- dle class, which could afford to buy many books and support the work of artists.
What does the phrase tabula rasa mean?
Tabula rasa, (Latin: “scraped tablet”—i.e., “clean slate”) in epistemology (theory of knowledge) and psychology, a supposed condition that empiricists have attributed to the human mind before ideas have been imprinted on it by the reaction of the senses to the external world of objects.
What are the contribution of Socrates?
Socrates’ most important contribution to Western philosophy was his technique for arguing a point, known as the Socratic technique, which he applied to many things such as truth and justice.