What did John B Watson and Rosalie Rayner?
What did John B Watson and Rosalie Rayner?
In his most famous and controversial experiment, known today as the “Little Albert” experiment, John Watson and a graduate assistant named Rosalie Rayner conditioned a small child to fear a white rat. They accomplished this by repeatedly pairing the white rat with a loud, frightening clanging noise.
What was the Watson and Rayner theory?
Watson & Rayner concluded that they had successfully conditioned Albert to fear the white rat and that his fear response generalised to other white, furry things (with a stronger response the more closely they resembled the rat) and transferred to other situations.
What is Rosalie Rayner known for?
Little Albert experiment
Rosalie Rayner/Known for
What did Rosalie Rayner do psychology?
Rosalie Rayner Watson (1899–1936), John Watson’s second wife, assisted her husband in the development of applied behavioral psychology. Not only did Rayner Watson co-author the seminal paper on conditioned emotional reactions, she also assisted Watson in preparing the most popular child care book of the time.
What did Rosalie Rayner believe?
Rayner and Watson believed that children could have a personality set by the age of two. Rayner also contributed to a how-to book called Psychological Care of Infant and Child. This book encouraged mothers to approach child-rearing with scientific principles.
Why did John B. Watson get fired?
Watson’s divorce was front-page news. His wife, Mary Ickes Watson, hailed from a prominent Baltimore political family. Johns Hopkins fired Watson for the public indiscretion, perhaps because the school had recently terminated another Hopkins professor linked to a prostitution raid, posits Benjamin.
What did John B Watson and Rosalie Rayner demonstrate with their studies of Little Albert?
Through their experiments with Little Albert, Watson and Rayner (1920) demonstrated how fears can be conditioned. Watson offered her a dollar to allow her son to be the subject of his experiments in classical conditioning. Through these experiments, Little Albert was exposed to and conditioned to fear certain things.
What did Watson and Rayner demonstrate through the Little Albert experiment?
This process is known as generalization. The Little Albert Experiment demonstrated that classical conditioning could be used to create a phobia. A phobia is an irrational fear, that is out of proportion to the danger. In this experiment, a previously unafraid baby was conditioned to become afraid of a rat.
Where did Rosalie Rayner live?
Rosalie Alberta Rayner was born September 25, 1898 in Baltimore to a well-established Maryland family.
What happened Rosalie Rayner?
Death. Rayner unexpectedly died on June 18, 1935 in Norwalk Hospital in Connecticut. She had contracted dysentery from eating tainted fruit.
What is Watsons behaviourist theory?
Watson’s behaviorist theory focused not on the internal emotional and psychological conditions of people, but rather on their external and outward behaviors. He believed that a person’s physical responses provided the only insight into internal actions.
What did John B Watson demonstrate with his studies of Little Albert Group of answer choices?
Days later, Little Albert demonstrated stimulus generalization—he became afraid of other furry things: a rabbit, a furry coat, and even a Santa Claus mask. Watson had succeeded in conditioning a fear response in Little Albert, thus demonstrating that emotions could become conditioned responses.
What did Rosalie Rayner do for psychology?
Rosalie Alberta Rayner (September 25, 1898 – June 18, 1935) was a research psychologist, and the assistant and later wife of Johns Hopkins University psychology professor John B. Watson, with whom she carried out the famous Little Albert experiment. Rayner studied at Vassar College and Johns Hopkins University.
What did Watson and Rayner do in the 1950s?
In the 1950s, McConnell was told by Deke Coleman, who had worked with Watson in advertising, that Watson and Rayner were conducting research by measuring their own physiological responses during sex. McConnell published the anecdote in his introductory psychology textbook in 1974.
What happened to James Watson’s relationship with Elizabeth Rayner?
Watson’s love letters to Rayner were published in newspapers. Due to the scandal, Watson was forced to leave academia; however, his relationship with Rayner continued. Rayner also left the university before completing her degree and the two married on December 31, 1920.
How many children did Rayner and Watson study?
Rayner and Watson claimed to have studied over 500 children, with the Little Albert experiment being their only attempt at a psychological experiment (it would not be categorised as an experiment today).