What is bla KPC gene?

What is bla KPC gene?

Carbapenem resistance among Enterobacteriaceae is an emerging problem worldwide. Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (blaKPC) enzymes are among the most common β-lactamases described.

What type of bacteria is KPC?

Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC)-producing bacteria are a group of emerging highly drug-resistant Gram-negative bacilli causing infections associated with significant morbidity and mortality.

What causes KPC?

When bacteria such as Klebsiella pneumoniae produce an enzyme known as a carbapenemase (referred to as KPC-producing organisms), then the class of antibiotics called carbapenems will not work to kill the bacteria and treat the infection.

Is KPC a virus?

Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE), which are sometimes known as K pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC) and New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase (NDM), are a family of bacteria that are difficult to treat because of their high levels of resistance to antibiotics.

What do Carbapenemases do?

A carbapenemase is a mechanism of resistance used by bacteria to defend themselves against carbapenem antibiotics. They are Beta-lactamase enzymes. They tend to give resistance to ALL of the Beta-lactam antibiotics such as the penicillins and cephalosporins.

What was Addie’s first symptom?

Addie’s nightmare started when she developed an ache in her hip. At first, she and her mom, Tonya, chalked it up to a strain from softball practice.

How is KPC diagnosed?

For the recognition of KPCs, have been established several phenotypic tests (12, 25). The method presently approve by the CLSI is the modified Hodge test (MHT) and this method is accepted as a specific and sensitive method for detection of carbapenemase (26, 27).

What are symptoms of CRE?

What are the symptoms of CRE infection?

  • Shortness of breath (from pneumonia)
  • Pain with urination (from urinary tract infection)
  • Pain and swelling of the skin (from skin infection)
  • Belly pain (from liver or splenic infection)
  • Stiff neck and reduced consciousness (from meningitis infection)

How does KPC work?

Polymyxins achieve concentration-dependent bactericidal killing and are often the only agents active against KPC-producing bacteria that achieve adequate levels in the serum to treat serious bloodstream infections.

What bacteria caused Addie’s illness?

Addie Rerecich was only 11 years old when she was hospitalized with MRSA, an infection her doctor said she likely caught by picking at a scab — like so many kids do. While in the hospital, she contracted an untreatable form of the bacteria stenotrophomonas that nearly took her life.

Did Addie get a lung transplant?

Addison “Addie” Rerecich (October 1, 1999 – December 30, 2019) was an American double-lung transplant recipient who spent the longest documented duration of time using extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) therapy at 93 days She underwent the transplant at age 11 in 2011 and was the subject of a 2013 episode of …

How do you treat KPC?

What molecules can be used to treat KPC-KP infections? Various molecules can be used in combination treatment against KPC-KP, including aminoglycosides, polymyxins, tigecycline, fosfomycin, ceftazidime/avibactam and carbapenems in selected cases (see Table 2).

Is the bla KPC gene involved in antimicrobial resistance of Klebsiella pneumoniae?

The role of the bla KPC gene in antimicrobial resistance of Klebsiella pneumoniae In this study nearly half the isolates showed carbapenemase activity as shown by MHT results, but only few of them were carrying bla KPC.

Does the BLA carbapenemase KPC KPC-2 gene increase virulence?

Data indicate that the bla carbapenemase (KPC) KPC-2 gene itself was not associated to increased virulence.

How common is blakpc in Klebsiella pneumoniae?

Chromosomal integration of the Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase gene, blaKPC, in Klebsiella species is elusive but not rare. Sequencing analysis of CRKP isolated strains showed that 9/98 of MBL-producing strains carried the bla VIM-1 gene and 89/98 of the isolates were positive for bla KPC-2.

Is BLA kpcgene resistant to both imipenem and meropenem?

bla KPCgene was not detected in 10 MHT positive isolates. This indicates the presence of a carbapenemase other than KP Carbapenemase. Resistant to both imipenem and meropenem is a strong indicator of carbapenemase production rather than resistance to either one of the carbapenems, as this may imply a different resistance mechanism. Conclusion