What is marasmus syndrome?

What is marasmus syndrome?

Marasmus is a type of protein-energy malnutrition that can affect anyone but is mainly seen in children. You can get marasmus if you have a severe deficiency of nutrients like calories, proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals. ‌ It is more common in developing countries, like in some areas of Asia and Africa.

Is kwashiorkor and marasmus the same?

Marasmus is a condition primarily caused by a deficiency in calories and energy, whereas kwashiorkor indicates an associated protein deficiency, resulting in an edematous appearance.

What are the five symptoms of kwashiorkor?

The symptoms of kwashiorkor include:

  • change in skin and hair color (to a rust color) and texture.
  • fatigue.
  • diarrhea.
  • loss of muscle mass.
  • failure to grow or gain weight.
  • edema (swelling) of the ankles, feet, and belly.
  • damaged immune system, which can lead to more frequent and severe infections.
  • irritability.

What are the symptoms of marasmus and kwashiorkor?

The symptoms of kwashiorkor include: edema, or puffy or swollen appearance due to fluid retention….Kwashiorkor.

Marasmus symptoms Kwashiorkor symptoms
weight loss an inability to grow or gain weight
dehydration edema, or swelling of the hands and feet
stomach shrinkage stomach bulging

What causes kwashiorkor?

The main cause of kwashiorkor is not eating enough protein or other essential vitamins and minerals. It’s most common in developing countries with a limited food supply, poor hygiene, and a lack of education about the importance of giving babies and children an adequate diet.

How do you treat PEM?

Milk-based formulas are the treatment of choice. At the beginning of dietary treatment, patients should be fed ad libitum. After 1 week, intake rates should approach 175 kcal/kg and 4 g/kg of protein for children and 60 kcal/kg and 2 g/kg of protein for adults. A daily multivitamin should also be added.

What causes rickets?

Your child’s body needs vitamin D to absorb calcium and phosphorus from food. Rickets can occur if your child’s body doesn’t get enough vitamin D or if his or her body has problems using vitamin D properly. Occasionally, not getting enough calcium or lack of calcium and vitamin D can cause rickets.

What is meant by kwashiorkor disease?

Kwashiorkor is a severe form of malnutrition. It’s most common in some developing regions where babies and children do not get enough protein or other essential nutrients in their diet. The main sign of kwashiorkor is too much fluid in the body’s tissues, which causes swelling under the skin (oedema).

What causes kwashiorkor disease?

Which are deficiency diseases?

A deficiency disease can be defined as a disease which is caused by the lack of essential nutrients or dietary elements such as vitamins and minerals in the human body….

Deficient Nutrient Disease
Vitamin C Scurvy
Anaemia Iron
Vitamin B3 Pellagra
Vitamin A Night blindness

What is the main cause of rickets?

A lack of vitamin D or calcium is the most common cause of rickets. Vitamin D largely comes from exposing the skin to sunlight, but it’s also found in some foods, such as oily fish and eggs. Vitamin D is essential for the formation of strong and healthy bones in children.

What is the difference between kwashiorkor and marasmus?

While kwashiorkor is a disease of edematous malnutrition, marasmus is similar in appearance. Marasmus is known also known as a wasting syndrome (malnutrition without edema).

What is kwashiorkor disease?

Kwashiorkor is a disease marked by severe protein malnutrition and bilateral extremity swelling. It usually affects infants and children, most often around the age of weaning through age 5. The disease is seen in very severe cases of starvation and poverty-stricken regions worldwide.

What is marasmus (wasting syndrome)?

Marasmus is known also known as a wasting syndrome (malnutrition without edema). Children typically have a depletion of body fat stores, low weight for height, and reduced mid-upper arm circumference.

What are the symptoms of kwashiorkor?

The patients suffering from Kwashiorkor have an emaciated appearance all over the body. They have a type of swelling in the ankles, feet and belly. Kwashiorkor is most common in rural areas, especially in the sub-urban regions and areas with low food supply are more prone to this disease.