What is the architectural style of the Parthenon?

What is the architectural style of the Parthenon?

Doric order
Classical architecture
Parthenon/Architectural styles

The Parthenon is the centrepiece of a 5th-century-BCE building campaign on the Acropolis in Athens. Constructed during the High Classical period, it is generally considered to be the culmination of the development of the Doric order, the simplest of the three Classical Greek architectural orders.

What decorative style is used on the Parthenon?

Basically a Doric peripteral temple, it features a continuous sculpted frieze borrowed from the Ionic order, as well as four Ionic columns supporting the roof of the opisthodomos.

What did Phidias design?

Phidias created two additional monuments to Athena, the Athena Promachos and the Lemnian Athena, on the Acropolis. He has been celebrated as the “artist/designer in chief” of the Parthenon (Whitley 344). Phidias was also known to have sculpted the pedimental marbles at both the Parthenon and Olympia.

What type of art is the Parthenon?

Height of Classical Greek Art A masterpiece of Classical Greek architecture, the Parthenon, is the largest temple on the Acropolis – the flat-topped hill which overlooks the city of Athens.

How is the Parthenon unique to Greek architecture?

There are 46 outer columns and 19 inner columns. The columns are slightly tapered to give the temple a symmetrical appearance. The corner columns are larger in diameter than the other columns. Incredibly, the Parthenon contains no straight lines and no right angles, a true feat of Greek architecture.

Why is the Parthenon the epitome of classical style?

The Parthenon epitomizes all the ideals of Greek thought during the apogee of the Classical era through artistic means. The fact that there are no absolute straight lines on the Parthenon bestows a subtle organic character to an obvious geometric structure.

What was the main decorative feature of the Ionic order of columns?

At the very top is the capital, the decorative stone that bears the weight of the roof. Ionic columns tend to be more slender, but the defining feature of the Ionic order is the volute. The volute is the spiral, scroll-like capital of the Ionic column. Besides a column, the Ionic order also has specific entablature.

What does the Parthenon symbolize?

The Parthenon was the center of religious life in the powerful Greek City-State of Athens, the head of the Delian League. Built in the 5 century B.C., it was a symbol of the power, wealth and elevated culture of Athens. It was the largest and most lavish temple the Greek mainland had ever seen.

Who was lead sculptor for the Parthenon describe the style and aesthetic vision he brought to this project?

Phidias, also spelled Pheidias, (flourished c. 490–430 bce), Athenian sculptor, the artistic director of the construction of the Parthenon, who created its most important religious images and supervised and probably designed its overall sculptural decoration.

What did Phidias do with the Parthenon?

In Athens, Phidias made his most famous images of the goddess Athena and oversaw the creation of the Parthenon frieze. He made the bronze sculptures of Athena Promachos and the Lemnian Athena and the gold and ivory image of Athena Parthenos inside the Parthenon.

What are some architectural and design characteristics of the Parthenon?

Parthenon/Architectural styles

What elements and principles of art are manifested in the Parthenon?

It’s linear design, strict proportionality (the classic Greek 5:8 ratio figures prominently her, as in Greek sculpture), and the general harmony of elements call to mind similar elements prized in Greek art, drama, philosophy, and science.

What did Phidias do for the Parthenon?

Phidias, also spelled Pheidias, (flourished c. 490–430 bce ), Athenian sculptor, the artistic director of the construction of the Parthenon, who created its most important religious images and supervised and probably designed its overall sculptural decoration.

Who designed the Parthenon in Athens?

Phidias also designed the statues of the goddess Athena on the Athenian Acropolis, namely the Athena Parthenos inside the Parthenon, and the Athena Promachos, a colossal bronze which stood between it and the Propylaea, a monumental gateway that served as the entrance to the Acropolis in Athens.

Why is Phidias important to Greek art?

Phidias (488-431 BCE) Phidias is generally regarded as one of the greatest sculptorsof Classical Antiquity, and the greatest carver of High Classical Greek sculpture. Also a painter and architect, Phidias was celebrated for his bronzes and especially his chryselephantine statues (in gold and ivory).

Where can you find sculpture on the Parthenon?

There are three primary locations where we find sculpture on the Parthenon. Most obviously in the pediment, the triangular area at the very top of the temple, on both the east and west sides. Below that, there’re spaces called metopes, in-between triglyphs. And lastly, in the frieze.