What is the distal part of the tibia?

What is the distal part of the tibia?

The distal portion of the tibia is shaped like a box with a distal medial protuberance that makes up the medial malleolus. [4] There are five surfaces that make up the distal tibia. The inferior surface provides a smooth articulation with the talus.

What is the distal end of the fibula called?

The distal end of the fibula forms the lateral malleolus which articulates with the lateral talus, creating part of the lateral ankle. The posterior and lateral tibia form the posterior and medial malleolus, respectively.

What is distal on the tibia and fibula?

The distal ends of the fibula and tibia that overlap the talus are known as the malleoli (“little hammers”). The lateral malleolus is the distal end of the fibula, whereas the medial and posterior malleoli are part of the tibia.

What is distal part mean?

(DIS-tul) In medicine, refers to a part of the body that is farther away from the center of the body than another part. For example, the fingers are distal to the shoulder. The opposite is proximal.

What structure is peculiar to the distal end of the tibia?

At the distal end of the tibia, the bone has changed shaped from triangular in cross section to rectangular in cross section. The medial surface of the distal end features a bony extension called the medial malleolus. It articulates with the talus within the ankle joint.

What is tibia and fibula?

Tibia and fibula are the two long bones located in the lower leg. The tibia is a larger bone on the inside, and the fibula is a smaller bone on the outside. The tibia is much thicker than the fibula. It is the main weight-bearing bone of the two.

What is the correct term for the process at the distal end of the tibia that forms the medial bump of the ankle?

A malleolus is the bony prominence on each side of the human ankle. Each leg is supported by two bones, the tibia on the inner side (medial) of the leg and the fibula on the outer side (lateral) of the leg. The medial malleolus is the prominence on the inner side of the ankle, formed by the lower end of the tibia.

What does distal mean in anatomy?

Distal refers to sites located away from a specific area, most often the center of the body. In medicine, it refers to parts of the body further away from the center. For example, the hand is distal to the shoulder. Distal is the opposite of proximal. Distal refers to distance, while proximal indicates proximity.

What is distal end?

The end toward the wrist is called the distal end. A fracture of the distal radius occurs when the area of the radius near the wrist breaks. Distal radius fractures are very common. In fact, the radius is the most commonly broken bone in the arm.

Does distal mean lower end?

Distal – away from or farthest from the trunk or the point or origin of a part (example, the hand is located at the distal end of the forearm).

What are the three major landmarks on the tibia?

Like other long bones, there are three parts of the tibia: proximal, shaft, and distal. The proximal part participates in the knee joint, whereas the distal part contributes to the ankle joint.

Which malleolus is more distal?

lateral malleolus
The lateral malleolus is palpated at the distal extent of the fibula. It should be noted that the lateral malleolus extends further distally and lies more posterior than the medial malleolus.