What was happening in Britain in the 1840s?

What was happening in Britain in the 1840s?

FAMINE AND INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION The 1840s, which saw years of poor harvests, were known as the Hungry Forties. Most catastrophic of all was the Irish Famine of 1845–9, during which well over a million people died and some two million emigrated.

What kind of reforms were made during the Victorian era?

Important reforms included legislation on child labour, safety in mines and factories, public health, the end of slavery in the British Empire, and education (by 1880 education was compulsory for all children up to the age of 10). There was also prison reform and the establishment of the police.

What was Britain like in the 1830s?

England in the 1830s was a country in thrall to industrialisation. But new machines gave rise to new political problems: a middle class with a growing political consciousness, the dangers of the unregulated, uninspected factory floor, and the drain of workers from the country to England’s great industrial cities.

What happened in 1840 in Victorian times?

Feb. 10, 1840: Queen Victoria marries Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, her first cousin. As queen, she was the one to propose. During their 21 years of marriage (until Albert died of typhoid in 1861) the couple had nine children.

What happened in the 1830s?

May 30, 1830: The Indian Removal Act was signed into law by President Andrew Jackson. June 26, 1830: King George IV of England died and William IV ascended to the throne. August 28, 1830: Peter Cooper raced his locomotive, the Tom Thumb, against a horse.

What major events happened in the 1840s?

The Decade of the Telegraph, the Mexican War, and the Gold Rush. The California Gold Rush is a highlight of the 1840s, an event that shaped American history.

How was Britain able to reform in the 19th C?

Reformers within Parliament joined forces with campaigners outside in pressing for reform. The new measures established the principle of government involvement in welfare provision, and in regulating conditions of work in factories, workshops and mines.

What is the two notable reforms during the 19th century?

The three main nineteenth century social reform movements – abolition, temperance, and women’s rights – were linked together and shared many of the same leaders.

What was happening in the 1840s?

The Decade of the Telegraph, the Mexican War, and the Gold Rush. The California Gold Rush is a highlight of the 1840s, an event that shaped American history. The years from 1840 to 1850 were marked by war, political changes, a gold rush in California, and many other important events in America and around the world.

What happens in the 1830s?

What era is the 1830s?

Georgian era

1714 – 1830 (1837)
The Georgian architecture of the Circus in the city of Bath, built between 1754 and 1768
Including Regency era
Preceded by Stuart period
Followed by Victorian era

What was happening in the 1840s in Europe?

Europe in the 1840s Famine spread The food shortages led to riots all across Europe. The continuing food shortages and widespread public discontent were a major factor in causing Europe’s Year of Revolutions in France, Germany, Italy, Austria and Hungary in 1848.

What caused the reforms of 1830-1832 and 1866-1867?

There was more popular agitation, driven by economic as well as by political discontent, in the years 1830-1832 and in the years 1866-1867 than there was in 1885, when the Reform Bill was introduced, as the 1867 had been, by a Conservative government.

What happened in the Reform Bill of 1830?

The Whig Party, elected to power in 1830, introduced a major bill for parliamentary reform. Bristol, Nottingham, Derby and several smaller towns witnessed violent riots after the Reform Bill was rejected by the House of Lords. Nottingham Castle was attacked and the Council House in Bristol was burnt down.

What were the reform movements of the 19th century?

As we discussed, the reformers of the 19th century dealt with reforms such as inequality in government, voting rights, unfair legislation, and urban health. With this in mind, the reform movements of this time can be considered responses to the changes spurred on by the new industrialization.

How did the British House of Commons change over time?

For instance, the House of Lords was made up of aristocrats who served for life, and the House of Commons was made up of landed aristocrats, industrialists, and merchants. Change finally occurred in 1830 when the Whigs gained a majority and introduced the Reform Bill of 1832.