What does the dulcian look like?

What does the dulcian look like?

The dulcian is a double-reed instrument with a folded conical bore that doubles back on itself by way of a tight U-shaped turn at its bottom end. It is constructed from a single shaft (with an oval cross-section) of wood (often maple) with two parallel bores drilled side-by-side from top to bottom.

When was the dulcian made?

16th century
The Dulcian or Curtal is the renaissance predecessor of the bassoon, developed in the first half of the 16th century. The Dulcian has the conical expanding bore from the Shawm, and the folded two parallel bores from the Sordune and Kortholt.

What is the precursor of the bassoon called?

sordone, rare double-reed wind instrument of the 16th and 17th centuries, an early precursor of the bassoon. It differs from the curtal, the bassoon’s direct predecessor, in having a cylindrical bore (a bassoon bore is conical).

What type of instrument is the Dulcian?

woodwind instrument
The dulcian is a Renaissance woodwind instrument, with a double reed and a folded conical bore. Equivalent terms include English: curtal, German: Dulzian, French: douçaine, Dutch: dulciaan, Italian: dulciana, Spanish: bajón, and Portuguese: baixão.

What were the instruments used in the Renaissance periods?

Instruments of the Renaissance Period

  • Harpsichord.
  • Clavichord.
  • Viol.
  • Lute.
  • Rebec.
  • Lyre.
  • Guitar.
  • Recorder.

What type of instrument is the dulcian?

What are the different types of bassoons?

Bassoons come in two sizes: the bassoon, and the double bassoon or contrabassoon, which sounds an octave lower than the bassoon. Early bassoons were made out of harder woods, but the modern instrument is typically made of maple. One of the precursors to the bassoon, the dulcian, was made out of a single piece of wood.

Why is it called a bassoon?

The name “bassoon,” used in the English-speaking world, also drives from a French word, “basson.” Basson is a term used for a musical instrument similar to the earliest fagotto that also offered a low pitch range, and which started being referred to as the fagotto from the latter half of the 17th century.

What are medieval instruments?

Instruments, such as the vielle, harp, psaltery, flute, shawm, bagpipe, and drums were all used during the Middle Ages to accompany dances and singing. Trumpets and horns were used by nobility, and organs, both portative (movable) and positive (stationary), appeared in the larger churches.

What does a bassoon sound like description?

The bassoon’s double reed gives it a rich, slightly buzzing quality in the lowest notes and a sweet nasal sound higher up. Bassoons can be extremely expressive as solo instruments and their warm vibrato enables them to sound remarkably human, a little like a resonant baritone singer.

What is a dulcian instrument?

The name dulcian (also dulzian, dulzian, dolzone, delzan, dulcan, dolcan) is from the Latin dulcis (sweet). This instrument was also called the curtal (or curtoll, curtail) from the Latin curtus (short). By the end of the sixteenth century the dulcian had become a part of the town band.

What are the different types of dulcian basses?

The outside of the instrument can also be covered in leather, like the cornett . Although the bass in F is the most common size, the dulcian comes in many other sizes: tenor (in C), alto (in F or G) and soprano (in C). There are also examples of a “quart bass” dulcian in C and contrabass in F.

When was the dulcian bassoon invented?

Dulcian. The predecessor of the modern bassoon, it flourished between 1550 and 1700, but was probably invented earlier. Towards the end of this period it co-existed with, and was then superseded by the baroque bassoon, although it continued to be used in Spain until early in the twentieth century [dubious – discuss].

What is dulcian Wood made of?

The dulcian is generally made from a single piece of maple, with the bores being drilled and reamed first, and then the outside planed to shape.